Island of Giglio
It is’ the second largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago (20 sq.km.). The island is composed primarily of rock. Once covered by forests of oak, they were later destroyed in order to allocate land for grazing.
The name derives from the Greek IGILION meaning "goat". The island was inhabited in Prehistoric times, e nel periodo Etrusco, infatti furono ritrovati nei fondali dei relitti di navi datate VI secolo.
The island of Giglio lives basically on TOURISM. The three towns are :
PORTO DEL GIGLIO (Harbor): this is the first group of houses that you see on your arrival by ferry. The town is lively during summer months, and stretches in a semicircle around the harbor. The Old Tower definitely deserves to be visited, it was used as a sighting point. It was’ restored in 1500. Likewise, the ruins of Villa Romana are worth a visit.
CASTELLO DEL GIGLIO (The castle): is the main settlement on the island, ocated 6km from the port. Coming down from the castle for 3 km you reach CAMPESE, the main tourist destination thanks to its sandy beaches. Historically, Torre del Campese is quite relevant, built around the 16th century, Now it is a private residence.
Island of Giannutri
The island of Giannutri stretches for 260 hectares and, geographically speaking, has a crescent moon shape. It is’ the most southern island of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Three mounts can be found on the island: Capel Rosso, Mt. Mario, and Cannone.
The most famous bays are: Cala Spalmatoio at Northeast, and Cala Maestra at Northwest.
We don't know much about the history of the island. Ruins of a Roman villa dating from the – 2nd century can be seen, it was built by the Domizi and Enobarbi families, plus some remains of the Etruscan and Prehistoric periods.